The Pigsty Hill Light Railway - a Very Small Garden Railway


Building the Bucolic Coach

The Very Small Garden Railway

Building the Bucolic Coach, PHLR Vehicle No. 4


WARNING: This coach uses an LGB underframe - if you're allergic to

Large Gurt Big equipment, read no further!



The completed beast


The only tools used in this project were a 30cm steel rule, a large plastic craft knife with a supply of snap-off blades, a cheap set of instrument screwdrivers and a mini-drill. This last could easily be replaced by a hand drill, as it did nothing more spectacular than drilling a few small holes.

I cut out the parts on one of those green rubbery cutting sheets marked with a centimetre grid; you’ll see what I mean from the photos. I also used it to square up the parts during assembly. It wasn’t necessary, but made life very much easier. Mine fits neatly into a little chipboard tray with rubber feet so I can carry my work anywhere in the house.



I got my wood from the hardware store – sheets of plywood 1.5mm and 3mm thick and lengths of 12mm x 6mm and 6mm x 6mm strip. I would emphasise that these dimensions aren’t critical. It pays, though, to us the thinnest you can get for the sides and roof, because it’s that much easier to cut. I used Evostick weatherproof wood adhesive, as I do for all my wooden models.


The bought-in components were:


  • Four Brandbright RSA61 long handrails, which I had in stock (I originally was going to make these from brass rod).
  • Two 3.5V grain of wheat bulbs, bought from the model shop years ago.
  • A 2 x AAA battery holder from Maplins with rechargeable cells and some spare connecting wire.
  • Some small screws found lurking in my things box.



The coach was going to be very loosely based on the eight-window coaches with centre vestibule currently in use on the Sabah State Railway (the NBR as was). I had already built a card coach to this design, and this became the basis of this design. The nice thing about this beast is that it has neither doors nor window glass, removing two problems at a stroke! This design means that it needs no ventilators, removing another problem…


Because of the constraints imposed by the curves of the PHLR, it would be shortened to six windows per side, with the length determined by the available chassis, and the loading gauge would be reduced to that of the railway’s existing stock.

I wanted the beast to be lit, as I enjoy night running, and have a self-contained headlight that I can attach to any of my locos.

Now, apart from the roof, your standard coach body is basically a rectangular box with holes cut out for windows and doors and strips of wood stuck on for decoration. This one is slightly more complicated, because of the centre vestibules, but it’s still just two boxes with a common flat roof. It’s designed so that the base, made of the thicker ply, is separate and held to the main body by small screws. The chassis will be screwed to the base, so the whole thing can be disassembled.


The method of construction owes much to Brandbright and IP kits, and certain features of the design are inspired by Nicola Ratnett’s excellent tropical coaches. As they say "To steal from one author is plagiarism, from many, research".


More seriously, I would recommend any modellers thinking of building their own stock to construct a kit first. Once you see how the kit fits together, you’ll be much better equipped to design and build your own. This is NOT a mandate to copy someone else’s kit – the idea is to learn from the masters and to add your own inspiration.


I used nothing more complicated than Microsoft Paint to play with sizes and proportions, and produced a pattern for the sides. From this I derived drawings for the roof, floor, ends and vestibule sides.


To see and download drawings for the coach click Bucolic Coach Drawings


A false roof would hold the lights, with wiring between this and the visible roof, taken down to battery holder under the base by concealed wires. The 3.5V bulbs would be wired in parallel and fed by two rechargeable cells. This gives a nice dim light and should ensure a very long life for the bulbs.


Rectangular false ends would be used to hold the boxes together and fully-shaped ends fixed to these.



The parts were marked out using the patterns from the design.


The roof, false roof, sides, ends, false ends, and partitions were cut out from thin ply using a craft knife. The three window openings were cut out as a single hole – frames will be added later. Cutting thin ply is only marginally more difficult than cutting cardboard if (and I can’t emphasise this too strongly) you snap off the blade as soon as it shows ANY signs of wear. It’s worth buying a box of spare blades before you start, to avoid this temptation. It’s also a good idea to have a secure container for the snapped-off blades (see the plastic pot marked "Sharps" in the picture).


The base was also cut from thicker ply. This needs patience rather than brute force and ignorance, but can still be done quite adequately with the craft knife.


Four lengths of 6 x 6mm strip were cut to length to reinforce the join between sides and vestibule sides, four for the sides and floor, and two for the roof and false ends.


Sides, false roof and base

wp8ffa4fba_0f.jpg wp5e32f19f_0f.jpg

Partitions and inner ends (with reinforcement)


False roof and inner ends

wpbbcbc02b_0f.jpg wp254fe60c_0f.jpg

Half sides and partitions added


The basic box placed on the chassis to check alignment

(note the cardboard prototype)

wp59f0fef3_0f.jpg wpe6ac8d95_0f.jpg

Detail showing the fixing of the chassis to the floor


Detail showing the fixing of the floor to the basic box

wpa7f45240_0f.jpg wp7c4fdc68_0f.jpg

The outer ends were glued to the inner ends. The grain of wheat

bulbs were fixed into the false roof and the wiring added,

leaving trailing leads inside two of the vestibule corners


The bulbs were wired in parallel and the leads passed through

holes drilled in the false roof  

wpdc0c041a_0f.jpg wp910cb151_0f.jpg

The leads were passed through holes  

drilled in the reinforcement of the sides


A roof ridge was added to ensure that the roof fitted neatly

wpc43258e9_0f.jpg wp30a5c022_0f.jpg

The roof was then "Rogered"


“Rogering” is done by holding it to shape with rubber bands and cooking it in the microwave for 45 seconds on a high setting. The glue between the plies softens and the roof takes up a permanent curve.


The roof was then glued to the body *

wp185f235e_0f.jpg wp33bcb39a_0f.jpg

                          Beginning to look like a coach!


* Note the strips of wood to ensure smooth contact with the sides – these will eventually be used to make the seats. Am I a cheapskate or what?


I then drilled the base and the body to take four screws to hold them

together, stuck the battery holder to the base, and wired in the lights *

wpafc438f6_0f.jpg wp4ed7455d_0f.jpg

The next step was to stick on the beading,

which would also form the window frames.


* Note that there is no switch. If I want the lights on I insert the cells; if not, I don’t.


Now, any sensible person would have a several metres of 6mm x 1.5mm wood to hand, or at least start at a sensible time when the model shops were open. I had to cut all mine from 1.5mm sheet; this is not recommended practice.


Window frames in place

wp21ac7f53_0f.jpg wp15fd92f9_0f.jpg

The completed body after its first coats of varnish


I sprayed the completed beast with polyurethane satin varnish. You will notice that I sprayed the roof as well, although this will eventually be painted white. This is simply for extra strength.


The body masked and the roof painted with car spray

wp1781a274_0f.jpg wp1285fbf2_0f.jpg

Test of the lighting - I was quite pleased!



The next step was to paint the body with teak coloured varnish, brushing along the grain, and

to hide the wiring with diagonally-mounted 6mm strip sanded to fit into the corners…

wp276a7b24_0f.jpg wpa973eea4_0f.jpg

…and fit rude benches made from 12 x 6mm wood strip



I added Brandbright grab handles and a simple pair of wooden steps glued to the chassis.

I also painted the chassis matt black with acrylic paint to hide the horrible shiny LGB plastic

wpeac7e903_0f.jpg wp597b12a5_0f.jpg

The completed beast with Glyn Valley Tramway transfers

by Tenmille (again from my things box), protected  by

an extra coat of satin varnish


NOTE: This page is based on an article I wrote for Garden Rail magazine. See Garden Rail Index to find my articles